Since human society came into being, polio has been with humankind ever since. In the nineteenth century, the disease came to the United States and Europe in the form of an outbreak. With the help of vaccines in the modern era, it is almost possible to eliminate them.
One of the symptoms of polio is shown in Egyptian engraving made from 1365 to 1403 BC. The first clinical interpretation of the disease was made by British physician Michael Underwood in 1789, while it was endorsed by Jacob Hine in 1840. Polio outbreaks in modern times resulted in cities that were the result of the industrial revolution.
In New York, 1916, for the first time, the outbreak of polio spread, and in the meantime 9000 cases were reported, resulting in 2343 deaths.
There were 27,000 cases across the United States and 6000 deaths, with the largest number being children. Some polio patients also have paralyzed eyes. There were widespread polio outbreaks during this century and in 1952 there were a record 57628 cases in the United States.
In 1928, Dr. Philip Drunker and Louis Shaw created a machine called Iron Lung, which aimed to save the lives of people who were disturbed by respiratory paralysis. Most patients had to spend close to two weeks in it, but those who became permanently paralyzed had to spend their entire lives in it.
About 1,000 such machines were in use in the United States in 1939. Today, the use of iron ling is completely eliminated and the cause of the vaccine is elimination and modern ventilators.
In this regard, Dr. Jonas Salak achieved great success in 1952 when he began the first effective polio vaccine. After this, large-scale vaccination programs were launched in the public, which had immediate effect. In the United States alone there were 35,000 cases of polio in 1952 and in 1957 it was reduced to 5300. The most easily administered vaccine was Albert Sabin in 1961; 798086; Made. It was in the form of drops and could be fed.
Despite the availability of the vaccine, polio continued to be a threat, with 1967 seeing as many as 707 severe cases in the UK, resulting in 79 deaths. In 1962; Started using. Since 1982 there has been no local polio case in the UK.
By 1988 polio had disappeared from the US, the UK, Australia and most parts of Europe. Yet it was present in 125 countries. That same year, the World Health Assembly approved a resolution to completely eliminate the disease by 2000.
The World Health Organization declared the US region polio-free in 1994, with the last polio case reported in 1997 in the Western Pacific. In 2002, the World Health Organization declared the European region polio-free.
In 2012, polio was a contagious disease in four countries, including Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and India, which was on the exit list in which no polio case has been reported since January 2011. Despite these successes, polio remains a threat. The virus migrated from Pakistan to China in 2011, which has been a polio-free country for over a decade.
One of the major challenges the world faced in the 20th century was polio, with thousands of children being disabled every year around the world. Although polio vaccines were introduced more than fifty decades ago, these experiments did not work. Eventually, after a considerable amount of research, an effective vaccine against the disease was discovered in the 1950s, after which many developing countries became “polio free,” but still from developing and third world countries with polio. The threat is not avoided. Throughout the seventies, various programs against polio were launched around the world, thanks to a significant degree of polio control in developing countries. On April 25, 1954, for the first time, a large-scale polio vaccine was tested in the United States, and on April 12, 1955, Dr. Thomas Francis Jounier announced his success in the presence of his colleagues at Komsky Gun University and reported that the vaccine was successful from 80 to 90. On the same day, the US government allowed its normal use. UNICEF, the World Health Organization, the CDC, and Rotary International, the four largest donors in the world, decided in 1988 that polio would be eradicated from the aging world. In 1988, more than 350,000 children were disabled from polio in 125 countries, and due to the efforts of these global organizations, the disease remained in only three countries (Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria) in 2013, where a total of 160 patients were confirmed in these three countries this year. This year, 406 patients were reported this year. Thanks to the same polio vaccine, 99% of polio cases have been eliminated from the world from 1988 to today, leaving over one million children with disabilities saved. Look at the history of polio About 20 years ago, in just one day 1000 children were paralyzed by polio.
However, in 1988, virtually 99; 46; 9% of the world’s population was eliminated. It is estimated that at present, two and a half billion children are protected from polio in the world; Are being vaccinated against. Currently, only polio cases are being reported in Pakistan and Afghanistan, as there have been no case reports in Nigeria since 2016 and global trends are expected; 63; Health will soon declare Nigeria as a polio-free country.